What is the function of Archangel Michael?


The question was repeatedly asked, “What is the function of Archangel Michael?” In other words, what’s his job? Below is a brief summary of what the Warrior-Prince of the heavenly host does. More can be found in the side links on this site

Archangel Michael has six roles, or offices, in our lives:

  1. He is both the Leader of the Army of God, and the leader of the heavenly hosts, in their triumph over Lucifer and all the powers of Hell. Michael is also the Guardian of Paradise;
  2. Together with their respective guardian angels, Michael escorts the souls of the deceased to their Particular Judgment, then to Purgatory or Heaven accordingly. At the hour of our death, Michael descends from Heaven, presents himself to each soul, and gives him or her the chance of final redemption before dying. Thus, thoroughly upsetting the plans of the Devil and his minions to possess as many souls as possible, for eternity, as long as we cooperate with Michael in our last moments. Michael also requests prayers from us for the Holy Souls in Purgatory, because it is his joy to escort them to Heaven, into God’s Presence, once their purification is completed;
  3. He weighs every soul with hesed in his perfectly balanced scales, in relation to how much saintliness or otherwise souls have achieved in their lifetime;
  4. He was the Patron of the Israelites in the Old Testament, and is the Guardian and Patron of the universal Church – especially the Church Militant – in the New Testament era. Michael is also the patron saint of multiple cities and countries;
  5. He is the Guardian of the Blessed Sacrament in tabernacles around the world and, during Mass, the incense-bearer before the throne of God the Father; and
  6. He is the Herald of the General Judgment.


  • Butler, A. (1821). The lives of the fathers, martyrs, and other principal saints. B. Dornin Press.
  • Catholic Encyclopedia. (1911). Retrieved on 2/24/12 from:  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10275b.htm
  • Jewish Encyclopedia. (1906). Retrieved on 2/24/12 from:http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/730-acheron
  • McGrath, M. (2001). Patrons and protectors. Liturgy Training Press.
  • O’Boyle, D. M. (2008). Catholic Saints prayer book. OSV Publishing.
  • Orthodox Encyclopedia. (2008). Retrieved on 2/24/12 from: http://orthodoxwiki.org/Archangel_Michael
  • St. Michael the Archangel. (2006). Tan Books.
  • Starr, M. (2007). Saint Michael: The Archangel. Sounds True Publishing.

St Michael, Archangel of the Apocalypse


Here is a beautiful Russian icon of Saint Michael as the Archangel of the Apocalypse:

Michael icon

Icon of Saint Michael of Panormitis


Michael PanormitisA beautiful copy I just received of the miraculous icon of my friend Saint Michael of Panormitis, for your edification and enjoyment. This copy of the icon is going to another friend.

Who was made first, Lucifer or Michael? Response to a question


The question was asked as to who was created first by God the Father, whether it was Lucifer or Michael. The answer is the former. Lucifer – now Satan, the Devil – was the first angel to be created. He was the most beautiful of angels, but he proceeded to lose it all through his ceaseless pride.

On Michael and Satan


Questions keep coming in as to why the Archangel Michael and Satan (formerly Lucifer) fought and continue to fight. Here is the brief answer:

And now war broke out in Heaven, when Michael with his angels attacked the dragon. The dragon fought back with his angels, but they were defeated and driven out of Heaven. The great dragon, the primeval serpent, known as the Devil or Satan, who had led all the world astray, was hurled down to the earth and his angels were hurled down with him (Rv 12:7-9).

How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, who didst rise in the morning? How art thou fallen to the earth, that didst wound the nations? And thou said in thy heart: I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God, I will sit in the mountain of the covenant, in the sides of the north. I will ascend above the height of the clouds, I will be like the most High. But yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, into the depth of the pit (Is 14:12-15). And He said to them: ‘I saw Satan like lightning falling from heaven’ (Lk 10:18).

Archangel Michael’s longstanding enmity with Satan (Samael) dates back to when the latter, as Lucifer, had attempted to raise himself above His very own creator God the Father, by refusing to obey Him and inciting other angels of the ranks of principalities and powers to do the same. Lucifer thought that he could successfully be better than God, without God, because he had been the Father’s ‘confidante’ and allowed to know Him more than any other angel. It is also held that God the Father

“revealed to the angels the future Incarnation of His Divine Son, whom they were to adore in His Sacred Humanity . . . [and] the surpassing dignity and glory of Mary whom, as the Mother of God, they were to venerate as their Queen” (St Michael the Archangel, 2006, p. 5).

Lucifer wanted for himself the hypostatic union that was to be in Jesus Christ; Lucifer also reacted with blasphemies upon being told that the Mother of God was to be Queen.

Thus, a fierce war broke out in Heaven, with Michael and many other faithful angels siding with God the Father, against Lucifer and the rebelling angels. Lucifer, one of the most glorious and exalted princes of the heavenly court, dazzled by the splendor of his own gifts, rebelled at the thought that human nature should be preferred to his own angelic nature. He would not acknowledge that a woman, inferior to him in nature, should at some future time be made his Queen, and that the seed of that woman should be preferred to himself for the honor of the hypostatic union. Desiring for himself the prerogatives of the God-man, he raised his great battle-cry of rebellion: “I will be like the Most High” (Is 14:14). 

In their pride, a third of the angels took up Lucifer’s rebellious cry. At the same instant, another great Archangel, equal in beauty and grace to the proud Lucifer, prostrated himself before the throne of God. With an act of profound adoration, he opposed the cry of the rebellious angels with his own battle cry of love and loyalty: “Mi-kha-el (St. Michael the Archangel, 2006, p. 6) – Quis ut Deus? – “Who is like unto God?”

During the fierce heavenly war that ensued, Lucifer had grabbed hold of Michael in an attempt to pull him down with him, in his fall from Heaven. However, Michael was saved by God the Father Himself, while Lucifer, “fell like lightning from Heaven” (Lk 10:18); hence, Michael’s fierce and unswerving loyalty to the Almighty Father. Michael also fiercely debated and rebuked Satan over the soul of Moses after concealing his tomb, because Satan wanted to use it to entice the Israelites to fall again into idolatry.


  • Catholic Encyclopedia. (1911). Retrieved on 2/24/12 from:  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10275b.htm
  • Jewish Encyclopedia. (1906). Retrieved on 2/24/12 from: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=560&letter=M#1833
  • Midrash Deut. Rabbah xi. 6.
  • Midrash Pirke R. El. xxvi.
  • Orthodox Encyclopedia. (2008). Retrieved on 2/24/12 from: http://orthodoxwiki.org/Archangel_Michael
  • St Michael the Archangel. (2006). Tan Books.

My first icon of Archangel Michael


Archangel Michael 2 icon HRThe first icon I ever wrote of Saint Michael the Archangel (2013) has now also been featured at the Christian Art and Christian Theme Artwork galleries of Fine Art America. This icon is in the private possession of Catholic priest in Southern Europe.

Will Archangel Michael defeat Satan? Response to a question


The question was asked, “Will Michael defeat Satan?” The answer is a resounding “yes.” Scripture tells us: “Then I saw an angel come down from heaven with the key of the Abyss in his hand and an enormous chain. He overpowered the dragon, that primeval serpent which is the devil and Satan, and chained him up for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and shut the entrance and sealed it over him, to make sure he would not deceive the nations again until the thousand years had passed” (Rv 20:1-3). Continue reading

San Michele Arcangelo a Pietralata


MichaelThe icon of Saint Michael that I had completed earlier this year can now be found at the parish church of San Michele Arcangelo a Pietralata, Rome, Italy. I will post pictures of the new home of the icon when I receive them.

The original prayer to St Michael the Archangel


cropped-images-11.jpgO Most Glorious Prince of the Heavenly Armies, St. Michael the Archangel, defend us in the battle and in our wrestling against principalities and powers, against the rulers of the world of this darkness, against the spirits of wickedness in the high places (Eph 6:12). Come to the aid of men, whom GOD created incorruptible, and to the Image of His own Likeness He made him (Wis 2:23); and from the tyranny of the devil He bought him at a great price (Cor 7:23).  Continue reading

What if Satan defeats Archangel Michael? Response to a question


The question was asked, “What if Satan defeats Michael?” The answer is that Satan can never defeat the Archangel Michael, as he did not defeat Michael the first time around, because the Michael has the full power of God behind him, whereas Satan does not. Saint Michael is the prince of the heavenly hosts while Satan is the devil. Continue reading

Was Michael the angel a warrior?


The question was asked, “Was Michael the angel a warrior?” The answer is a resounding ‘yes!’ And he still is and will remain the warrior of the heavenly hosts until the end of all time. Read more about Michael’s role as the great defender of our times.

Icon of Archangel Michael


MichaelHere is another panel icon I just completed of Archangel Michael. Dimensions are 20cm x 30cm, written in egg tempera with 23.5 kt gold leaf burnished by hand, varnished with olifa. The icon was blessed at Santa Venera Parish Church and shall be going to Europe.